Obesity causes DiabetesHypertensionCardiovascular DiseasesCancerJoint Pain Sleep Apnea Depression
What is Obesity?
According to the definition of World Health Organization (WHO), obesity is the accumulation of excess fat, which is caused by the fact that the energy taken by the nutrients to the body is more than the energy consumed and which disrupts the health of the body.
Body mass index (BMI) is the most commonly used measure for the determination of obesity. The definition of morbidly obese is used for patients with a body mass index above 40kg / m2 and they are candidates for surgical treatment even if they do not have different diseases.
BMI is calculated by dividing body weight in kilograms by the square of length in meters. However, BMI is not sufficient to distinguish whether the increase in body weight is due to muscle structure or obesity. It is therefore best to consult your doctor to find the answer to the question “Am I obese?
What are the classification of obesity?
Adult Body Mass Index (BMI)
Underweight < 18.5
Normal Weight 18.5 – 24.9
Overweight 25.0 + 29.9
Obesity ≥ 30.0
Class I Obesity 30.0 – 34.9
Class II Obesity 35.0 – 39.9
Class III Obesity ( Morbid Obesity ) ≥ 40.0
Effects of Obesity on Daily Life
Obesity is the most risky factor of Type II Diabetes. Since obesity and Type II Diabetes are highly related, it is observed that when obesity is treated, diabetes is also treated.
Increased blood pressure with increasing body weight makes obesity a risky element of hypertension. Hypertension is seen in approximately 70% of obesity patients.
Increases the risk of cardiovascular disease due to the structural differences caused by obesity on the heart. Obesity is the second important factor after smoking among the risks triggering heart failure and heart attack. It is also known to have negative effects on vascular health.
Obesity is one of the factors that directly affect joint health. As the load on the joints increases, you may experience joint pain. Considering that every 1 kilos of extra weight puts 4 kilos on your joints, you can easily understand how much obesity affects to joint health.
Obesity poses a significant risk for cancer diseases, especially varieties of cancer types such as breast and colon cancer. It is known that a balanced and healthy diet is one of the major factors preventing cancer. Since unhealthy nutrition is the major cause of obesity, obesity patients have a higher risk of cancer.
Obesity has been shown to cause sleep apnea, gastro esophageal reflux, venous stasis and urinary stasis incontinence in addition to Type II diabetes mellitus, hypertension, atherosclerotic heart diseases, joint diseases and cancer. Apart from these physical illnesses, it can also cause many mental problems. Obesity means an unhealthy and uncomfortable life.
What are the treatment options for obesity?
Obesity is a serious health problem that you need to get rid of. The treatment of obesity is possible by burning more energy from food. That is why the basis of all obesity treatments is to reduce the calorie intake.
The first 4 steps of obesity treatment are:
- Behavior Change
- Pharmacological Treatment
In the treatment of obesity, these 4 types of treatment should be tried first and if the necessary conditions are met in case of failure, we will help you to get rid of obesity with “Obesity Surgery“ or “Non-Surgical Treatments (Intragastric Balloon and Stomach Botox)”.