Non-Surgical Obesity Treatment with Intragastric Balloon
What is Intragastric Balloon?
Intragastric balloon is not a surgical procedure. It is an endoscopic procedure that does not require anesthesia and is sometimes performed under sedation. It is a temporary method aimed at filling the stomach earlier by placing a balloon in the stomach and feeling the satiety feeling more quickly. This method is generally preferred in patients with a body mass index of 30-35 kg / m² and without additional diseases such as diabetes. It can also be used as a pre-operative preparation for overweight patients in order to lose some weight.
Depending on the selected balloon type, it is removed endoscopically after remaining in the stomach for a period of 6 months to 1 year. The patient is given time to lose weight and change eating habits during balloon insertion.
Mide Balonu Hakkında Merak Edilenler
The balloon, which covers a certain part of the stomach, allows you to eat less food and get more saturated. Another benefit of the intragastric balloon is that it slows the passage of food through the stomach, allowing you to feel satiety longer.
Depending on the type of balloon, it can remain in the stomach for an average of 6 months to 1 year.
This condition varies according to many criteria such as the patient’s age, additional diseases and weight. But the average is between 10-20 kg. After the intragastric balloon is removed, it is essential to continue your diet and exercise program so that you do not gain weight. Studies show that 15-20% of total body weight can be given with a stomach balloon.
Yapılan çalışmalarda total vücut ağırlığının ortalama %15-20’sinin mide balonu ile verilebileceğini gösterilmiştir.
This procedure is one of the non-surgical obesity treatment methods and is performed with anesthesia in endoscopy. After the examination of the stomach, if there is no obstacle to the application of the balloon, the balloon is placed with the help of the endoscope, according to the type of balloon and the volume of the stomach, 400-700 ml of liquid containing methylene blue is inflated on average.
You should be fasting up to 12 hours before the procedure and not take any liquid within the last 6 hours. Aspirin and similar blood thinners should not be taken in the last 1 week.
Intragastric balloon application takes approximately 15 minutes.
Since the procedure is performed under anesthesia, it is recommended that you stay in the hospital for 1 hour after the procedure.
After the procedure you will be discharged the same day. Return to work time varies according to the patient’s adaptation to the balloon.
After the procedure, patients may have stomach contractions, nausea, cramping, and complaints. But it is unclear what patients these problems may be. For this reason, patients are informed about this issue and the necessary medical treatment is regulated.
Complaints such as nausea, vomiting, and contraction after intragastric balloon can be experienced for up to a week and the majority of patients resolve within two to three days.
Intragastric balloon may be removed in patients whose complaints such as nausea and cramps do not improve despite all supportive treatments. This probability is between 8% and 10%.
Depending on the type of balloon, the balloon must be removed from the stomach after 6 months or 1 year.
It is performed with the help of anesthesia and endoscopy during insertion and removal of the balloon. The contents of the inflated balloon are first emptied and then removed with the aid of an endoscope.